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Configure Object Storage with Milvus Operator

Milvus uses MinIO or S3 as object storage to persist large-scale files, such as index files and binary logs. This topic introduces how to configure object storage dependencies when you install Milvus with Milvus Operator.

This topic assumes that you have deployed Milvus Operator.

See Deploy Milvus Operator for more information.

You need to specify a configuration file for using Milvus Operator to start a Milvus cluster.

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/milvus-io/milvus-operator/main/config/samples/milvuscluster_default.yaml

You only need to edit the code template in milvuscluster_default.yaml to configure third-party dependencies. The following sections introduce how to configure object storage, etcd, and Pulsar respectively.

Configure object storage

A Milvus cluster uses MinIO or S3 as object storage to persist large-scale files, such as index files and binary logs. Add required fields under spec.dependencies.storage to configure object storage.

storage supports external and inCluster.

External object storage

external indicates using an external object storage service.

Fields used to configure an external object storage service include:

  • external: A true value indicates that Milvus uses an external storage service.
  • type: Specifies Milvus uses whether S3 or MinIO as object storage.
  • secretRef: The secret reference that the object storage service uses.
  • endpoint: The endpoint of the object storage service.

Example

The following example configures an external object storage service.

kind: MilvusCluster

metadata:

  name: my-release

  labels:

    app: milvus

spec:

  dependencies: # Optional

    storage: # Optional

      # Whether (=true) to use an existed external storage as specified in the field endpoints or 

      # (=false) create a new storage inside the same kubernetes cluster for milvus.

      external: true # Optional default=false

      type: "MinIO" # Optional ("MinIO", "S3") default:="MinIO"

      # Secret reference of the storage if it has

      secretRef: mySecret # Optional

      # The external storage endpoint if external=true

      endpoint: "storageEndpoint"

  components: {}

  config: {}

Internal object storage

inCluster indicates when a Milvus cluster starts, a MinIO service starts automatically in the cluster.

A Milvus cluster only supports using MinIO as the internal object storage service.

Example

The following example configures an internal MinIO service.

apiVersion: milvus.io/v1alpha1

kind: MilvusCluster

metadata:

  name: my-release

  labels:

    app: milvus

spec:

  dependencies:

    storage: #

      external: false 

      type: "MinIO" # Optional ("MinIO", "S3") default:="MinIO"

      inCluster: 

        # deletionPolicy of storage when the milvus cluster is deleted

        deletionPolicy: Retain # Optional ("Delete", "Retain") default="Retain"

        # When deletionPolicy="Delete" whether the PersistantVolumeClaim shoud be deleted when the storage is deleted

        pvcDeletion: false

        values:

          resources:

             limits: 

              cpu: '2'

              memory: 6Gi

            requests:

              cpu: 100m

              memory: 512Mi

          statefulset:

            replicaCount: 6

  components: {}

  config: {}    
In this example, inCluster.deletionPolicy defines a deleletion policy for data. inCluster.values.resources defines the compute resources that MinIO uses. inCluster.values.statefulset.replicaCount defines the number of replicas of MinIO on each drive.
Find the complete configuration items to configure an internal MinIO service in values.yaml. Add configuration items as needed under storage.inCluster.values as shown in the preceding example.

Assuming that the configuration file is named milvuscluster.yaml, run the following command to apply the configuration.

kubectl apply -f milvuscluster.yaml
If my-release is an existing Milvus cluster, milvuscluster.yaml overwrites its configuration. Otherwise, a new Milvus cluster is created.

What's next

Learn how to configure other Milvus dependencies with Milvus Operator:

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