< Docs
  • Python
    • EmbeddingModels


This operation takes in documents and encodes them into vector embeddings.

Request syntax

    documents: List[str], 
) -> Dict


  • documents (List[str])

    A list of string values, where each string represents a document that will be passed to the embedding model for encoding. The model will generate an embedding vector for each string in the list.




A dictionary containing the document embeddings.

When initializing BGEM3EmbeddingFunction, if return_dense, return_sparse, and return_colbert_vecs are set to True, the returned dictionary will contain the keys dense, sparse, and colbert_vecs, with the corresponding dense embeddings, sparse word embeddings, and ColBERT vectors.


  • ImportError

    This exception will be raised when the FlagEmbedding module is not installed.


from pymilvus import model

bge_m3_ef = model.hybrid.BGEM3EmbeddingFunction(
    model_name='BAAI/bge-m3', # Specify t`he model name
    device='cpu', # Specify the device to use, e.g., 'cpu' or 'cuda:0'
    use_fp16=False # Whether to use fp16. `False` for `device='cpu'`.

docs = [
    "Artificial intelligence was founded as an academic discipline in 1956.",
    "Alan Turing was the first person to conduct substantial research in AI.",
    "Born in Maida Vale, London, Turing was raised in southern England.",

docs_embeddings = bge_m3_ef.encode_documents(docs)

# Print embeddings
print("Embeddings:", docs_embeddings)
# Print dimension of dense embeddings
print("Dense document dim:", bge_m3_ef.dim["dense"], docs_embeddings["dense"][0].shape)
# Since the sparse embeddings are in a 2D csr_array format, we convert them to a list for easier manipulation.
print("Sparse document dim:", bge_m3_ef.dim["sparse"], list(docs_embeddings["sparse"])[0].shape)

# Embeddings: {'dense': [array([-0.02505937, -0.00142193,  0.04015467, ..., -0.02094924,
#         0.02623661,  0.00324098], dtype=float32), array([ 0.00118463,  0.00649292, -0.00735763, ..., -0.01446293,
#         0.04243685, -0.01794822], dtype=float32), array([ 0.00415287, -0.0101492 ,  0.0009811 , ..., -0.02559666,
#         0.08084674,  0.00141647], dtype=float32)], 'sparse': <3x250002 sparse array of type '<class 'numpy.float32'>'
#   with 43 stored elements in Compressed Sparse Row format>}
# Dense document dim: 1024 (1024,)
# Sparse document dim: 250002 (1, 250002)