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A MilvusClient interface. This method conducts an approximate nearest neighbor (ANN) search on a vector field and pairs up with boolean expression to conduct filtering on scalar fields before searching.

R<SearchResults> search(SearchParam requestParam);


Use the SearchParam.Builder to construct a SearchParam object.

import io.milvus.param.SearchParam;
SearchParam.Builder builder = SearchParam.newBuilder();

Methods of SearchParam.Builder:

withCollectionName(collectionName)Sets the collection name. The collection name cannot be empty or null.collectionName: The name of the collection to query.
withConsistencyLevel(ConsistencyLevelEnum consistencyLevel)Sets the consistency level used in the query. If the consistency level is not specified, the default level is ConsistencyLevelEnum.BOUNDED.consistencyLevel: The consistency level used in the query.
withPartitionNames(List<String> partitionNames)Sets a partition name list to specify query scope (Optional).partitionNames: The name list of the partitions to query.
addPartitionName(String partitionName)Adds a partition to specify query scope (Optional).partitionName: The name of the partition to query.
withTravelTimestamp(Long ts)Specifies an absolute timestamp in a query to get results based on a data view at a specified point in time (Optional). The default value is 0, with which the server executes the query on a full data view. For more information please refer to Search with Time Travel.ts: An absolute timestamp value.
withOutFields(List<String> outFields)Specifies the output scalar fields (Optional). If the output fields are specified, the QueryResults returned by query() will contains the values of these fields.outFields: The name list of output fields.
addOutField(String fieldName)Specifies an output scalar field (Optional).fieldName: The name of an output field .
withExpr(String expr)Sets the expression to filter scalar fields before searching (Optional). For more information please refer to Boolean Expression Rules.expr: The expression used to filter scalar fields.
withMetricType(MetricType metricType)Sets the metric type of ANN search. The default value is MetricType.L2.metricType: The metric type.
withVectorFieldName(String vectorFieldName)Sets the target vector field by name. The field name cannot be empty or null.vectorFieldName: A vector field name.
withTopK(Integer topK)Sets the topK value of ANN search. The available range is [1, 16384].topK: The topK value.
withVectors(List<?> vectors)Sets the target vectors. Up to 16384 vectors are allowed.vectors:
  • If target field type is float vector, List< List<Float>> is required.
  • If target field type is binary vector, List<ByteBuffer> is required.
  • withRoundDecimal(Integer decimal)Specifies the decimal place for returned distance. The available range is [-1, 6]. The default value is -1, with which the method returns all digits.decimal: The number of digits reserved after the decimal point.
    withParams(String params)Specifies the search parameters in the JSON format. Valid keys are as follows:
    • Special index-related parameters, such as nprobe, ef, search_k.
    • Metric type with metric_type as the key and L2 or IP as the value.
    • The offset for pagination with offset as the key and an integer as the value.
    withIgnoreGrowing(Boolean ignoreGrowing)Whether to ignore growing segments during similarity searches. The value defaults to false, indicating that searches involve growing segments.ignoreGrowing: Whether to ignore growing segments or not.
    build()Constructs a SearchParam object.N/A

    The can throw the following exceptions:

    • ParamException: error if the parameter is invalid.


    This method catches all the exceptions and returns an R<SearchResults> object.

    • If the API fails on the server side, it returns the error code and message from the server.

    • If the API fails by RPC exception, it returns R.Status.Unknow and the error message of the exception.

    • If the API succeeds, it returns valid SearchResults held by the R template. You can use SearchResultsWrapper to get the results.


    A tool class to encapsulate the SearchResults.

    import io.milvus.response.SearchResultsWrapper;
    SearchResultsWrapper wrapper = new SearchResultsWrapper(searchResults);

    Methods of SearchResultsWrapper:

    getFieldData(String fieldName, int indexOfTarget)Gets data for an output field which is specified by SearchParam. Throws ParamException if the field doesn't exist or indexOfTarget is illegal.fieldName: A field name which is specified by the withOutFields() of SearchParam.indexOfTarget (the order number of a target vector).
  • Returns List<List<Float>> for float vector field.
  • Returns List<ByteBuffer> for binary vector field.
  • Returns List<Long> for int64 field.
  • Returns List<Integer> for int32/int16/int8 field.
  • Returns List<Boolean> for boolean field.
  • Returns List<Float> for float field.
  • Returns List<Double> for double field.
  • Returns List<String> for VARCHAR field.
  • getIDScore(int indexOfTarget)Gets ID-score pairs returned by search(). Throws ParamException if the indexOfTarget is illegal. Throws IllegalResponseException if the returned results are illegal.indexOfTarget: Order number of a target vector.List<IDScore>


    A tool class to hold a pair of ID and distance.

    Methods of SearchResultsWrapper.IDScore:

    getLongID()Gets the integer ID if the primary key type is Int64.long
    getStrID()Gets the string ID if the primary key type is VarChar.String
    getScore()Gets the distance value.float
    get(String keyName)Get the value of a field by its name. If the field exists either as a pre-defined field or a dynamic field, its value is to return.
    If the field does not exist, a ParamException is raised.

    Whether getScore() is an accurate distance or not depands on the index type:

    • FLAT

      The score is is accurate distance.

    • IVF_FLAT

      The score is accurate distance.

    • IVF_SQ8/IVF_PQ

      The score is not accurate.


      The score is accurate.


    import io.milvus.param.*;
    import io.milvus.response.SearchResultsWrapper;
    import io.milvus.grpc.SearchResults;
    SearchParam param = SearchParam.newBuilder()
            .withParams("{\"nprobe\":10,\"offset\":2, \"limit\":3}")
    R<SearchResults> response =
    if (response.getStatus() != R.Status.Success.getCode()) {
    SearchResultsWrapper wrapper = new SearchResultsWrapper(response.getData().getResults());
    System.out.println("Search results:");
    for (int i = 0; i < targetVectors.size(); ++i) {
        List<SearchResultsWrapper.IDScore> scores = wrapper.getIDScore(i);
        for (SearchResultsWrapper.IDScore score:scores) {

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